S. Navy watercraft of that title, was a good Yorktown-class aircraft service provider of your own All of us Navy

USS Hornet (CV-8), the newest seventh U. During The second world war from the Pacific Theatre, she released the Doolittle Raid into Tokyo and you may took part in the Competition out-of Halfway therefore the Buin-Faisi-Tonolai Raid. Regarding the Solomon Countries campaign, she was active in the need and you may safeguards from Guadalcanal and you can the battle of one’s Santa Cruz Isles in which she is actually irreparably damaged by adversary torpedo and you can dive bombers. Facing a nearing Japanese body force, Hornet are given up and soon after torpedoed and sunk by the addressing Japanese destroyers. Hornet was in services getting annually and six weeks and you may try the final Us collection provider actually sunk by the challenger flames. For these methods, she is actually issued four services famous people, a ticket to the Doolittle Raid from inside the 1942, and her Torpedo Squadron 8 gotten good Presidential Product Pass to possess outrageous heroism to the Battle regarding Halfway. The lady damage is located in later close to the Solomon Islands.


  • step one Structure and you can commissioning
  • 2 Services record
  • dos.1 Doolittle Raid, April 1942
  • dos.2 Race away from Midway, Summer 1942
  • dos.3 Solomons strategy, August–Oct, 1942
  • 2.step 3.step 1 Competition of one’s Santa Cruz Countries
  • 3 History
  • step 3.step 1 Destroy receive
  • 4 Awards

Design and commissioning

By cover for the aggregate routes company tonnage used in the Arizona Naval Treaty and you will after that London area treaties, the usa had intended to make a couple Yorktowns and make use of in the remaining allocated tonnage having a smaller sized, changed type of an identical construction, hence additional info fundamentally turned into Wasp. not, that have battle looming within the European countries, additionally the repudiation of naval restrict treaties by The japanese and Italy, the brand new Navy’s Standard Panel chose to lie down a third provider on Yorktown construction instantaneously – with the first provider of realize-to your Curriculum vitae-9 (Essex) group when one design try closed; consent of Congress was available in the newest Naval Expansion Act of 1938.

Hornet got a period of 770 feet (235 yards) within waterline and you can 824 foot 9 inches ( m) full. She got a beam from 83 base 3 inches ( m) from the waterline, 114 legs (35 m) overall, having an excellent draft of 24 feet 4 ins (seven.42 yards) while the tailored and you can twenty-eight foot (8.5 meters) in the full load. She displaced 20,100 long loads (20,000 t) from the important load and you will twenty five,five hundred enough time lots (25,900 t) in the full-load. She was designed getting a beneficial ship’s crew consisting of 86 officers and 1280 men and you will an environment complement composed of 141 officers and 710 guys.

She is powered by 9 Babcock & Wilcox boilers taking steam at eight hundred psi (dos,800 kPa) and you can 648 °F (342 °C) to five Parsons turbines for each driving a unique propeller. The latest machines was indeed designed to create all in all, 120,000 shaft hp [shp] (89,000 kW) providing the woman a selection of several,000 nautical miles (fourteen,100 mi; twenty-two,100000 km) during the a speeds from 15 knots (17 miles per hour; twenty-eight kilometres/h). She was designed to hold 4,280 long plenty (cuatro,350 t) away from stamina oils and 178,000 United states gallons (670,one hundred thousand l) out of Avgas. The lady designed rate try thirty two.5 knots (60.dos kilometer/h; 37.cuatro miles per hour). Through the ocean products , she lead 120,five hundred shp (89,900 kW) and you can attained knots ( km/h; mph).

Hornet is armed with seven 5-inches (127 mm)/38 quality dual purpose weapons and you can 16 step 1.1-inches (twenty-eight mm)/75 quality antiaircraft firearms inside quad supports (four guns operating along with her). Originally, she got 24 M2 Browning .50-inches (12.seven mm) host guns however these was indeed changed from inside the January 1942 with 29 20-mm Oerlikon antiaircraft cannon. A supplementary 1.1-inches (twenty eight mm) quad attach was later on extra in the her bend and two a great deal more 20 mm antiaircraft firearms was indeed added for all in all, 32 brackets. On the other hand, the woman athwartships hangar-platform flights catapult was got rid of. Within the Summer 1942, after the competition off Midway, Hornet had an alternate CXAM radar strung atop her tripod mast, along with her Sc radar was transferred to the lady mainmast. In lieu of the girl siblings, Hornet ‚ s tripod mast and its own code link were not sealed in the event that CXAM try hung, to make this lady book one of several about three boats.